Shaheed Diyas 2020: Why India pays tribute to freedom fighters Baghat Singh, Sukhdev Singh, Rajguru on this day

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Shaheed Diwas is observed on 23 March to mark the occasion when freedom fighters Bhagat Singh, Shivaram Rajguru and Sukhdev Thapar were hanged to death by British in 1931. The three were convicted for the assassination of John Saunders, a British policeman.
Apart from 23 March, five more martyrs’ days are observed across the state, in memory of these who laid down their lives for the country.

History

The Simon Commission set up by the British government under the leadership of Sir John Simon to report on the political situation in India was met with protest when it visited Lahore on 30 October 1928. The Indian political parties were against this Commission as it did not include a single Indian member.

Upon its arrival in Lahore, it faced protests with Lajpat Rai leading non-violent marches. Frustrated by the protests, superintendent of police James A Scott ordered lathi-charge on protestors and personally assaulted Rai. Due to the assault, Rai suffered injuries and succumbed to it on 17 November 1928.

As a punishment for killing Saunders, the hanging of the three freedom fighters was ordered.
How is the day observed
People across the country remember the Bravehearts on this day, with political leaders and celebrities paying tribute by offering flowers on their photos. In some places, cultural programs are organized to recollect the contribution of the liberty fighters.

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