Coronavirus [COVID-19] disease, its transmission , symptoms and precautionary measures

What is COVID-19 

Be careful, not fearful
Dispel the myths of corona scare, Imbibe correct knowledge & become aware, Follow cough etiquettes, hand hygiene & personal care, Spread a word of precaution through your share. 

COVID-19 is a communicable disease caused by a replacement recently discovered novel Corona Virus. 

How does it transmit? 

  • When an individual affected by this disease sneezes or coughs, tons of droplets spread within the air or fall on the bottom and nearby surfaces. 
  • If another person is nearby and inhales the droplets or touches these surfaces then touches his face, eyes or mouth, he can get the infection. 
  • The chances are more if one is within a distance of less than 1 meter from the infected person. 

How does it transmit?

What happens to an individual who develops the disease?

  • The majority of the people (80%) would require no treatment intrinsically and can recover on their own.
  • A small proportion (<20%) may need hospitalization. 
  • A very small proportion (mainly with underlying chronic illness) may need admission in an intensive care unit (ICU). 

What happens to an individual who develops the disease?

What is the age bracket during which this disease spreads? Does it occur in children as well? 

  • This disease is understood to occur altogether age groups. 
  • It can spread to children also through the opposite person affected by the disease within the household. 
  • The infection is generally mild in children. 
  • Older persons and persons with pre-existing medical conditions (such as high blood pressure, heart disease, lung disease, cancer or diabetes) are at a high risk to develop serious illness.

What is the age bracket during which this disease spreads? Does it occur in children as well?


To what extent does the Corona Virus get by over the surfaces or articles?

  • It isn't sure to what extent the infection that causes COVID-19 makes due on surfaces, yet it appears to act like other Corona Viruses.
  • Studies propose that Corona Viruses (remembering fundamental data for the COVID-19 infection) may endure on surfaces for a few hours or up to numerous days.
  • This may shift under various conditions (for example kind of surface, temperature or stickiness of the earth).
  • If you think that a surface could also be infected, clean it with simple disinfectant to kill the virus and protect yourself et al. 
  • Clean your hands with a liquor based hand rub or wash them with cleanser and water.
  • Avoid touching your eyes, mouth, or nose.

To what extent does the Corona Virus get by over the surfaces or articles?


What are the common symptoms? 

  • Fever, Sore throat, Cough and Shortness of breath. 
  • These are almost like the symptoms of any virus infection like cold, influenza, etc. 

What are the common symptoms?


Whom should I consult? 

You should consult your family physician if you are having clinical symptoms of a respiratory infection plus any of the following: 
  • Travel history to a Corona Virus-affected area. 
  • Close contact with an individual tainted with Corona Virus.

Whom should I consult?


What tests are to be done and where to urge them done? 

You are not required to urge tested for COVID-19 if you are doing not have any symptoms (Cough, fever or difficulty in breathing) 


What tests are to be done and where to urge them done?
If you've got any of the above symptoms and have traveled to any of the COVID-19 affected countries otherwise you are a contact of a laboratory-confirmed positive case then immediately call the State Helpline Number or Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Government of India's 24x7 helpline i.e. 011-23978046 and Toll-Free No: 1075


Is there any treatment for Corona Virus Infection? 

  • As on date, there's no specific treatment for Coronavirus infection. 
  • Treatment for Corona viral infection consists of symptomatic treatment. 
  • Since it's a virus infection, so in additional than 80% of the cases it recovers within a few days. 
  • A small proportion may need admission in the hospital/ICU if they are having symptoms of severe disease. 

Is there any treatment for Corona Virus Infecti

COVID-19 Are there particular prescriptions accessible to treat Corona Virus disease?


  • No, as of now there's no specific anti-viral medication available to treat the symptoms of the infection however majority of the people recover with none problem a bit like in any other viral illness. 
  • Some drugs which are used for other Corona Virus infections are being tried in very sick patients.

COVID-19 Are there particular prescriptions accessible to treat Corona Virus disease?

How am I able to protect myself and my family members? 

You can decrease your odds of being contaminated or spreading COVID-19 by avoiding potential risk:
  • Regularly and thoroughly clean your hands with an alcohol-based hand rub or wash them with soap and water after coming from outside or after visiting a patient with Coronavirus infection. 
  • Keep up at least 1 meter (3 feet) separation among yourself and any individual who is coughing or sniffling. 
  • Abstain from contacting eyes, nose, and mouth.
  • Make sure you, and therefore the people around you, follow good respiratory hygiene. This means covering your mouth and nose together with your bent elbow or tissue once you cough or sneeze. Then dispose of the used tissue immediately. 
  • Stay home if you feel unwell. If you've got a fever, cough, and difficulty in breathing, seek medical attention. 

How am I able to protect myself and my family members?


Who should wear a mask? 


Medical masks shouldn't be employed by healthy persons who aren't having any symptoms because it creates a false sense of security which will cause neglecting other essential measures like the washing of hands. 


Who should wear a mask?


In such a situation, more effective steps are: 

  1. Wash hands frequently with soap and water for 20 seconds. An alcohol-based hand sanitizer with 70% alcohol must be used for 20 seconds. If hands are dirty or soiled, don't use alcohol-based hand sanitizer, but wash hands preferably with soap and water. 
  2. While coughing or sneezing cover nose and mouth with a handkerchief, paper tissue. If handkerchief or tissue paper is not available, cough into the flexed elbow. Dispose of tissue immediately after use and wash hands. 
  3. Abstain from contacting face, mouth, nose, and eyes.
  4. Stay at least a meter away from those coughing or sneezing. 
  5. Monitor your body temperature.

When and who should use medical masks (apart from health care workers)? 

  • When a person develops a cough or fever. The utilization of clinical three-layer veils when hostility keeps your disease from spreading to other people. However, you furthermore may get to wash your hands frequently to avoid spreading the infection to others. 
  • While visiting a healthcare facility. 
  • When you are caring for an ill person. 
  • Close family contacts of such suspect/confirmed cases undergoing home care should also use the triple-layer medical mask. 

When and who should use medical masks (apart from health care workers)?


What is the role of hand sanitizers? 

  • Hand sanitizers are to be used once you are caring for the patients infected with Corona Virus. 
  • In general, washing hands frequently with soap and water for 20 seconds is the recommended option. 
  • If hands are dirty or soiled then don't use alcohol-based hand sanitizer, but wash hands preferably with soap and water. 


What is the role of hand sanitizers?


Is there any job of explicit nourishments/drinks in the treatment of Corona Virus disease?

There is no specific recommendation on this however one can still take his/her regular diet which incorporates fruits, vegetables, etc to stay healthy. 


Is there any job of explicit nourishments/drinks in the treatment of Corona Virus disease?


Is there any antibody accessible for the treatment of Corona Virus contamination?

  • As of now, there is no vaccine available for the treatment of Covid-19 infection. 

Are we well equipped to deal with the Corona Virus crisis?

Are we well equipped to deal with the Corona Virus crisis? 


  • The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has taken adequate steps in this direction to equip the designated healthcare facilities to take care of the infected Corona Virus patients, should they require admission. 
  • The relevant SOPs for isolation and home quarantine, sample testing, laboratory facilities and discharge of the admitted patients are well available in the public domain on the website of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW). 

Are we well equipped to deal with the Corona Virus crisis?

What are the few common myths? 

1. Does the disease spread through food especially eating chicken, eggs and meat?
There is no conclusive evidence that properly cooked food transmits the disease.
2. Does the disease spread through pets?
The transmission of the disease has not been seen through pets.
3. Does the dead body of a person infected with Corona Virus transmit the infection? 
There is no transmission of Corona Virus infection from the dead body of the person.

What are the few common myths?


How can I help in containing the disease 


  • One can help by following great individual cleanliness, handwashing and hack decorums.
  • One also can avoid/restrict unnecessary travel, participation publicly gatherings and may ensure an inexpensive social distancing. 
  • This can contribute extraordinarily to breaking the chain of dynamic transmission.

How can I help in containing the disease



Submitted by: Rounak Chahal ( MSc Medical Microbiology )

Post a Comment

0 Comments